Railroads in 1861
The San Francisco and Oakland Railroad was formed. The East Bay steam train system carried passengers to ferry terminals at the Oakland Mole and LaRue’s Wharf.
Post offices in 1864
The Markleeville post office opened where Jacob Marklee built a toll bridge across the Carson River in 1861. Formerly known as Markleville, the Alpine County seat had a population of 210 in 2010.
Environment in 1865
An earthquake hit San Francisco. It lasted for 42 seconds and caused major damage throughout the city.
Environment in 1868
A major earthquake, estimated at magnitude 7, struck the Hayward Fault. It created a sunken area in San Francisco that became called Pioche’s Lake. It was filled and rooming houses built there, which collapsed in the 1906 earthquake.
Business in 1869
The first shipment of fresh oysters was shipped West by railroad from Baltimore.
Environment in 1950
A statewide disaster was declared when floods caused nine deaths and $32 million in damage.
Sports in 1962
Mickey Wright won the LPGA Carlsbad Cavern Golf Open. Overall she won thirteen major championships and 82 LPGA Tour events.
Festivals in 1971
Half Moon Bay held its first Art and Pumpkin Festival. The winning pumpkin weighed 132 pounds.
Sports in 1973
Fred Dryer, Los Angeles Rams, became the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in one game by dumping opposing passers in the end zone twice in the fourth quarter.
Sports in 1973
Dick Williams, Oakland A’s manager, quit after the A’s beat the New York Mets in the World Series.
Hollywood in 1975
Elton John was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Kardashian in 1980
Kim Kardashian, personality-entrepreneur, was born in Los Angeles.
White in 1985
Dan White committed suicide by carbon monoxide in his wife’s car. The former San Francisco Supervisor killed Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk in 1978. He served some 5 years after a defense called the “Twinkie defense.”
Rescues in 1989
Buck Helm was rescued after being buried for four days after the Loma Prieta earthquake. Oakland rescue workers pulled him from the wreckage of the collapsed Nimitz Freeway. Helm died less than a month later.
Politics in 1991
California Governor Jerry Brown announced his presidential candidacy.
Berry in 2003
Fred Berry, television actor, died in Los Angeles. He was best known as Fred “Rerun” Stubbs on “What’s Happening!!” (1976-1979).
Fires in 2007
The Santiago Canyon Fire in Orange County was one of 23 wildfires whipped by Santa Ana winds across Southern California. One person near San Diego died, homes and a church destroyed in Malibu. The Buckweed fire burned 38,000 acres in the Santa Clarita area, north of Los Angeles. A child admitted to starting that fire while playing with matches.
Fires in 2010
An entire section of the Roseville Galleria, a high-end regional mall, was destroyed after Alexander Corney Pigee barricaded himself inside a video game store and started a fire.
Railroads in 1934
A Union Pacific diesel electric locomotive left Los Angeles for New York. It traveled across the continental in a record 56 hours and 55 minutes.
Sports in 1950
The Los Angeles Rams demolished the Baltimore Colts, 70-27.
Boitano in 1963
Brian Boitano, figure skater who won Olympic gold in 1988, was born in Mountain View.
Sports in 1972
The Oakland A’s won their first World Series championship, beating the Cincinnati Reds, 4 games to 3.
Sports in 1976
Rick Barry, of the San Francisco Warriors, began a free throw streak of 60, the longest in NBA history at the time.
Fires in 1996
Firestorms burned 35,000 acres in Malibu and San Diego County, destroying more than 60 homes.
Business in 1997
Yahoo, in Sunnyvale, purchased Four11, a Web-based email business, for $92,000,000.
Business in 2006
The Oracle OpenWorld convention opened in San Francisco. Some 42,000 attendees were expected to pump $60 million into the city’s economy by the close on Oct 27.
Environment in 2009
Officials in Benicia announced that ships in the Suisun Bay “ghost fleet” would be cleaned up and dismantled. The first were World War 2 cargo ships built in 1945.
Exploration in 1775
Juan Bautista de Anza began his expedition from Mexico to begin a settlement in Alta California, leading frairs, soldiers and colonists with their families, horses, mules and cattle.
Movies in 1941
“Dumbo,” the 4th Walt Disney Animated Classic, was released. It was made to recover the financial losses of “Fantasia,” and return to simplicity and economy. At 64 minutes, it is one of Disney’s shortest animated features.
Accidents in 1942
All 12 passengers and crew aboard an American Airlines airliner were killed when it was struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs. Among the victims was composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger, “Blue Hawaii” (1937) and “Thanks for the Memory” (1938).
Television in 1958
Smurfs, the blue dwarves created by the Belgian artist Peyo, first appeared as comic characters who became a popular Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon.
Business in 2001
Apple released the iPod, advertising “1,000 songs in your pocket.” 275 million iPods were sold through September 1, 2010.
Lottery in 2003
7-Eleven owner Narinder Badwal in Santa Clara learned he sold the winning California Lottery ticket and earned a $250,000 commission. Then he learned he sold the winning ticket worth $49,747,500 to himself.
Sports in 2005
Some 15,000 runners raised $14 million for the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society in the 2nd Annual Nike Women’s Marathon in San Francisco.
Fires in 2007
300,000 residents evacuated their homes, chased by wind-whipped flames engulfing Southern California. At least 700 homes were destroyed. President Bush declared a federal emergency for seven counties.
Energy in 2008
A solar thermal power plant built by Ausra opened north of Bakersfield. The goal was to generate as much as 5 megawatts, enough electricity for 3,750 homes. Ausra and other companies planned bigger plants in the future.
Sports in 2010
The San Francisco Giants won the National League championship, giving them their fourth World Series appearance since moving to San Francisco.
Solorio in 2012
California surfer, Francisco Javier Solorio Jr., was killed in a shark attack off the coast of Surf Beach in Lompoc.
Telegraph in 1861
The telegraph from Carson City to Omaha opened. This milestone in modernization spelled the end of the Pony Express.
Crime in 1871
A mob of white men in Los Angeles killed 18 Chinese immigrants in the largest mass lynching in U.S. history.
Festivals in 1879
The first “Authors Carnival” opened in San Francisco as a fundraiser for six charities. 6,000 people attended. There were booths and performances by literary authors. It also ran the following year.
Sports in 1963
Sandy Koufax unanimously won the Cy Young Award. He also won unanimously in 1965 and 1966.
Rodenberry in 1991
Gene Rodenberry, creator of “Star Trek,” died in Santa Monica. His will stipulated that anybody who challenged his will would be disinherited. His daughter, Dawn, challenged and lost $500,000 he left to her.
Museums in 2000
Rosie the Riveter WWII Home Front opened in Richmond. The museum honors the efforts and sacrifices of American civilians on the World War II home front.
Flight in 2000
The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base following the 100th shuttle flight and work on the International Space Station.
Public health in 2002
Over 8,000 backyard poultry were killed in southern California to stop the spread of Exotic Newcastle disease. The deadly infection last surfaced in California in the 1970s when some 12 million birds were destroyed.
Business in 2003
California won its first anti-spam judgment when a court fined PW Marketing, of Los Angeles County, $2 million for sending millions of unsolicited e-mails telling people how to spam.
Roybal in 2005
Edward Roybal, former U.S. Representative from Los Angeles (1962-1992), died in Pasadena. He was the first Hispanic to serve in Congress since 1879.
Fires in 2007
Fires in southern California destroyed some 1,500 homes and charred over 500,000 acres. Over half a million residents fled the area, the largest evacuation in state history.
Katselas in 2008
Milton Katselas, acting teacher and director, died in Los Angeles. He directed both the live theater (1969) and film (1972) versions of “Butterflies Are Free.”
McCarthy in 2011
John McCarthy, cognitive scientist and computer science pioneer, died at his home on the Stanford campus. He was one of the founders of the discipline of artificial intelligence; coining the term “artificial intelligence”.
Government in 1849
The Democratic Party in California formed at a meeting held in Portsmouth Square, which today is in San Francisco’s Chinatown.
Crime in 1879
Charles Bowles, English born poet bandit known as Black Bart, held up Wells Fargo Stagecoaches 28 times. The 10th robbery was in Shasta County along the road to Buckeye.
Education in 1926
Founders’ Rock, a 75-ton boulder, was dedicated at the University of California Los Angeles Westwood Campus.
Literature in 1962
John Steinbeck, born in Salinas, was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
Perry in 1984
Singer, Katy Perry was born in Santa Barbara.
Graham in 1991
Rock-and-roll impresario Bill Graham was killed in a helicopter crash in Sonoma County. A memorial concert in Golden Gate Park drew some 300,000 people with music by the Grateful Dead, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young and comedy by Robin Williams.
Price in 1993
Actor Vincent Price died in Los Angeles. He was a leading horror film actor of the 1940s to the early 1960s.
Business in 1999
Intel, in Santa Clara, introduced its code-named Coppermine chip as the new Pentium III with speeds up to 500 megahertz. The internal circuitry was squeezed to .18 micron.
Fires in 2003
The Old Fire wildfire in the San Bernardino Mountains was one of over a dozen wildfires burning in Southern California.
Bey in 2005
Antar Bey, son and heir of Black Muslim leader Yusuf Bey, was shot and killed in Oakland. Police later arrested and charged Alfonza Phillips with murder in the failed car-jacking.
Fires in 2009
Fire broke out in the Santa Cruz Mountains between Morgan Hill and Santa Cruz. The Loma Fire covered 485 acres, was only 20% contained and burned until October 27.
Halprin in 2009
Lawrence Halprin, San Francisco Bay Area landscape architect, designer and teacher, died in Kentfield at age 93. His work included the design of Sea Ranch (1964) and San Francisco’s Ghirardelli Square (1968).
Fromer in 2009
Seymour Fromer, founder of the Berkeley-based Judah Magnes Museum, died. Judah Magnes (1877-1948) was the first ordained rabbi in California.
Crime in 2011
Democratic Assemblywoman Mary Hayashi of Castro Valley was stopped by a security detail at Nieman Marcus after she left the store with unpaid items worth $2450.
Ranchos in 1843
Rancho Cienega del Gabilan was deeded. The name of this 48,781-acre rancho near present day Salinas means “spring of the hawk ranch.”
Pony Express in 1861
The Pony Express announced its closure two days after the transcontinental telegraph reached Salt Lake City and connected Omaha, Nebraska with Sacramento.
Transportation in 1869
The Los Angeles & San Pedro Railroad opened. This 21-mile line connected L.A. with the San Pedro Bay shipping harbor. San Gabriel, the engine, was built by Vulcan Iron Works of San Francisco in 1864.
Transportation in 1903
The Key System ferries began to cross San Francisco Bay. This completed an extensive rail and ferry network serving Oakland.
Energy in 1936
The first electric generator at Hoover Dam went into full operation, providing power to Southern California.
McDaniel in 1952
Hattie McDaniel, film actress, died in Woodland Hills at age 57. She is best-known as Mammy in “Gone with the Wind” (1939) for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, making her the first African American to win an Academy Award.
Sports in 1960
American League officials approved the Washington Senators move to become the Minnesota Twins and announced franchises in Los Angeles and Washington DC.
Parks in 1972
National Park Service guided its first tours of Alcatraz. Now some 1.5 million people visit yearly.
Sports in 1981
The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees in the World Series, 4 games to 2.
Business in 1997
Intel Corp., in Santa Clara, bought Digital Equipment for $700 million.
Crime in 1997
Some 50 Southern California doctors and laser surgery centers were investigated for insurance fraud, serving mostly Southeast Asian and Latino women seeking beauty makeovers under false claims.
Environment in 1997
Hundreds of shorebirds washed up dead along the 25-mile stretch of Monterey Bay beaches. A non-toxic oil had been spilled into the bay and stuck the birds’ feathers together. The source of the oil spill was not determined.
Sports in 2002
The Anaheim Angels defeated the San Francisco Giants in the World Series, 4-3.
Fires in 2003
The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, killed 15 people, burned 250,000 acres and destroyed 2,200 homes around San Diego.
Protests in 2011
Anti-Wall Street protesters marched through Oakland a day after an Iraq War veteran protester was left in critical condition following a clash with police.
Walker in 1876
Joseph Rutherford Walker, mountain man and scout, died in Walnut Creek at age 77. He developed the first overland trails to California.
Crime in 1879
Charles Bowles, English born gentleman bandit known as Black Bart, held up Wells Fargo Stagecoaches 28 times. The 11th was 12 miles from Millville in Shasta County.
Fresno in 1885
Fresno was incorporated. Today this city in San Joaquin County is the fifth largest in California.
Communication in 1890
The first signal box for San Francisco Police Department went into operation.
Kingston in 1940
Maxine Hong Kingston, writer, was born in Stockton. Her work included The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts (1975) and China Men (1980).
Japanese American Internment in 1942
Santa Anita Detention Camp closed. This detention camp was part of the mass incarceration of some 110,000 Californians of Japanese ancestry during World War II.
Television in 1954
Walt Disney’s first television program, titled “Disneyland” premiered on ABC. “Davy Crockett, Indian Fighter” was possibly the first miniseries.
Parks in 1972
Golden Gate National Recreation Area formed. These 80,002 acres in the San Francisco Bay Area protect ecologically and historically significant landscapes.
Fires in 1993
Brush fires raged across Southern California, destroying several hundred homes.
Museums in 2006
The old U.S. Mint in San Francisco held a ceremony to mint silver coins. A portion of the proceeds of sales from silver dollars and $5 gold pieces helped turn the 132-year-old structure into a history museum.
Protests in 2007
In San Francisco thousands of people called for a swift end to the war in Iraq as they marched through downtown, chanting and carrying signs that read: “Wall Street Gets Rich, Iraqis and GIs Die” or “Drop Tuition Not Bombs.”
Business in 2010
Elon Musk officially unveiled a new sign for the former Nummi plant in Fremont, where the new electric Tesla cars would be built.
Business in 2010
BrightSource Energy of Oakland, broke ground on a solar electric generating system in the Mohave Desert.
Harsh in 2012
William Harsh, California painter, died at his home in Benicia.
Exploration in 1769
Gaspar de Portolà’s expedition camped at Half Moon Bay. They began marching from San Diego on July 14, 1769, looking for Monterey Bay to establish a colony but overshot their goal and would soon find San Francisco Bay.
Missions in 1845
Pio Pico, the last governor of Mexican California, finalized the sale of the missions, a process that began with Mexican independence from Spain in in 1821. Pico was of African, Indian and Spanish descent.
Overland Trail in 1846
James Reed reached Sutter’s Fort after being expelled from the wagon train for killing a man in a fight. He organized a rescue party but deep snow blocked him from reaching his family.
Movies in 1929
Universal Pictures, headquartered in Los Angeles, joined with Transcontinental Air Transport to offer in-flight movies for air passengers bound for California.
Sports in 1973
Elmore Smith, of the Los Angeles Lakers, blocked 17 shots in a game against the Portland Trail Blazers, a NBA record.
Sports in 1989
The Oakland A’s won the earthquake-interrupted World Series, completing a four-game sweep of the San Francisco Giants.
Amsterdam in 1996
Morey Amsterdam, comedian and television actor, died in Los Angeles at age 87. He was best known as Buddy Sorrell on “The Dick Van Dyke Show” (1961-1966).
Fires in 2003
Fires burned 600,000 acres in Southern California that involved over 11,000 fire fighters. Arson was suspected in 10 fires. 20 people died. In 2009, Rickie Lee Fowler was indicted on murder and arson charges for a 2003 wildfire that destroyed nearly 1,000 homes in San Bernadino County and in 2013, he was given the death penalty.
Martin in 2008
Bill Martin, Mendocino realist painter and art teacher, died in Stanford at age 65.
Business in 2010
Intel, in Santa Clara, announced plans to team up with Taiwan to set up a multi-million dollar Internet computing research laboratory.
Protests in 2011
Police arrested 51 people in San Diego who occupied Civic Center Plaza and Children’s Park for three weeks. Occupy San Diego protesters vowed to return to the civic plaza behind City Hall.
Sports in 2012
San Francisco Giants defeated the Detroit Tigers in game four to take the 2012 World Series. Pablo Sandoval was the Most Valuable Player.