California History Timeline, December 2 to December 9

December 2

Hypolite Bouchard.

Hypolite Bouchard.

Pirates in 1818
After burning Monterey, Hypolite Bouchard and his 400 pirates sailed south and raided the Nuestra Senora del Refugio rancho. He lost three men there but got them back by threatening to pillage Santa Barbara if his men were not returned.

Government in 1837
Pio Pico, last governor of Mexican California, moved the capital from Monterey to Los Angeles.

Pio Pico family

Pio Pico family: Marianita Alvarado (niece), Señora Pico, Pio Pico, Trinidad Ortega (niece), c.1850.

Harriet Wood, also known as Pauline Cushman and Pauline C. Fryer.

Harriet Wood, also known as Pauline Cushman and Pauline C. Fryer.

Wood in 1893        
Harriet Wood, known as Pauline Cushman and Pauline C. Fryer, died in San Francisco at age 60. She was a stage actress and Union spy during the Civil War.

Government in 1913        
The U.S. Senate passed the Raker Act. That let San Francisco dam the Tuolumne River in Yosemite National Park for water-collection and power-generation facilities.

Tuolumne River.

Tuolumne River.

Science in 1934        
A 200-inch mirror, weighing 14.5 tons, was cast for the Hale Telescope at Mt. Palomar Observatory. It was the largest telescope in the world.

Palomar Observatory

Palomar Observatory

Prisons in 1938
The first persons were executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin State Prison. Robert Lee Cannon and Albert Kessell were executed for their role in the riot at Folsom State Prison where the warden, a guard and two inmates were killed (1937).

Folsom State Prison (1927).

Folsom State Prison (1927).

Wind Bell

Wind Bell

Literature in 1961
Wind Bell, the journal of San Francisco Zen Center, began publishing. Today it chronicles not just of the Center but Western Buddhism. 

Dastagir in 1963        
Sabu Dastagir, actor known as Sabu Sabu, died in Chatsworth at age 39. Born in India, he began acting at age 13. His films include “Elephant Boy” (1937), “The Thief of Baghdad” (1940),  “Jungle Book” (1942) and “Arabian Nights” (1942).

Sabu Dastagir in "Elephant Boy" (1939).

Sabu Dastagir in “Elephant Boy” (1939).

Protests in 1964        
Mario Savio spoke at a Free Speech Movement rallying students to occupy Sproul Hall at U.C. Berkeley. Police arrested some 800 people the next day, which prompted a student strike and sparked protests at college campuses nationwide. 

Sports in 1981
Fernando Valenzuela, Los Angeles Dodgers, won the National League Rookie of the Year award.

Fernando Valenzuela.

Fernando Valenzuela.

Arnez in 1986        
Desi Arnez, Cuban-born musician and actor, died in Del Mar at age 69. He developed “I Love Lucy,” the most successful program in television history and played Lucy’s husband, Ricky Ricardo. Lucy and Desi were actually married. 

Television in 1989
KHJ-TV in Los Angeles changed its call letters to KCAL-TV.

Cummings in 1990
Robert Cummings, actor, died in Woodland Hills at age 80. He is known for comic roles as well as dramatic parts, like “Dial M for Murder” (1954). Cummings has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame; for motion pictures and television.

Crime in 1993        
Alan Winterbournem, an unemployed computer engineer, opened fire at an Oxnard unemployment agency, killing three workers. He killed a police officer during a chase that ended in Ventura, where Winterbournem was gunned down.

Ron Dellums.

Ron Dellums.

Government in 2006        
Oakland Mayor-elect Ron Dellums announced he would appoint a young person to every board and commission in the city.

Crime in 2006      
A vehicle driven by actor Lane Garrison hit a tree in Beverly Hills, killing his 17-year-old passenger. Garrison was sentenced to three years and four months in prison for drunken driving.

Lane Garrison.

Lane Garrison.

Von der Porten in 2008       
Eric Von der Porten, hedge fund manager, committed suicide at his home in San Carlos.

Business in 2011       
Santa Clara city officials announced $850 million in funding for a new 49ers football stadium estimated to cost $1.02 billion.

Levi's Stadium, Santa Clara home of the San Francisco 49ers.

Levi’s Stadium, Santa Clara home of the San Francisco 49ers.

Crime in 2012       
smuggling vessel rammed a small U.S. Coast Guard boat near the Channel Islands west of Malibu, killing Terrell Horne III. Two Mexican suspects were detained.

December 3

Santa Barbara presidio chapel.

Santa Barbara presidio chapel.

Presidios in 1786
The first marriage was performed at the Santa Barbara Presidio. Joseph Calisto, a 23-year-old Spanish soldier, wed Juana Vitala Feliz, who was around 13-years-old. They had 13 children.

Overland trail in 1846
Patrick Breen, travelling with the Donner Party, wrote in his diary: “Snowed a little last night; bright and cloudy at intervals all night. To day Cloudy; snows none; wind S.W.; warm but not enough so to thaw snow [, which is] lying deep all round. Expecting it to thaw a little to day. The forgoing written in the morning. It immediately turned in to snow & continued to snow all day & likely to do so all night.”

Movies in 1927 
“Putting Pants on Philip” was released. Filmed partly at the Culver Hotel in Culver City, it was the first of 107 short films Laurel and Hardy made between 1921 and 1950.

Protests in 1964
Police arrested some 800 students following their occupation of the administration building in protest of the U.C. Regents’ decision to forbid protests on U.C. property.

U.C. Berkeley students arrested (1964).

U.C. Berkeley students arrested (1964).

Flight in 1985
The 23rd Shuttle Mission Atlantis 2 landed at Edwards AFB. It launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on November 26, 1985. The mission carried the first Mexican astronaut, Rodolfo Neri Vela. 

Sports in 1990
Willie McGee, National League batting champion, signed with the San Francisco Giants.

The Walt Disney Company.

The Walt Disney Company.

Business in 1997
Michael Eisner, Walt Disney Chairman, exercised stock options for a profit of $565 million.

Government in 2003
A California state commission denied a Texas company plan to sell GloFish, genetically-altered glow-in-the-dark fish. 

GloFish.

GloFish.

December 4

Sebastian Vizcaino drawn by Barron Park School students

Sebastian Vizcaino drawn by Barron Park School students

Exploration in 1602 
Sebastián Vizcaino named the Santa Barbara Channel. He had explored New Spain, the Philippines, Baja California peninsula, the California coast and Japan and was searching for safe harbors for Spanish galleons returning from the Philippines.

Missions in 1786 
Father Fermín de Lasuén founded Mission Santa Barbara, the 10th of 21 Franciscan missions in California. It has been called the “Queen of the Missions.”

Santa Barbara Mission by Lloyd Harting (1901 - 1974)

Santa Barbara Mission by Lloyd Harting (1901 – 1974)

Carrying hides to a longboat. Illustration from Two Years Before the Mast (1911)

Carrying hides to a longboat. Illustration from Two Years Before the Mast (1911)

Dana in 1835
Richard Henry Dana reached San Francisco Bay. The Harvard student shipped out from Boston and described his adventures in Alta California in Two Years Before the Mast (1840). 

 

 

 

 

Newspapers in 1881
The Los Angeles Times first appeared as the Los Angeles Daily Times. It became the largest metropolitan newspaper in circulation in the U.S. (2008).

Los Angeles Times 1881

Los Angeles Times 1881

Fairs in 1915 
The Panama-Pacific International Exposition closed in San Francisco. It celebrated the completion of the Panama Canal and the city’s revival after the 1906 Earthquake and Fire.

Movies in 1923        
Cecil B. DeMille’s “Ten Commandments” premiered. He helped make Hollywood the center of the film industry.

Government in 1941
The newly proposed state of Jefferson elected John Childs as the first governor of the breakaway territory that separated from California and Oregon.

Proposed state of Jefferson.

Proposed state of Jefferson.

Masanori Murakami (1965).

Masanori Murakami (1965).

Sports in 1965
Masanori Murakami, San Francisco Giants pitcher, returned to Japan with the Nankai Hawks of Osaka. He struck out over one batter per inning, posted an ERA under 4 and eight saves. Murakami was the first Japanese player on a Major League Baseball team.

Music in 1965 
The Grateful Dead played their first show under the name Grateful Dead at Ken Kesey’s Acid Test in San Jose.

Government in 1978
Dianne Feinstein became San Francisco’s first female mayor following George Moscone’s assassination.

Senator Dianne Feinstein.

Senator Dianne Feinstein.

Jeremiah O’Brien.

Jeremiah O’Brien.

Ships in 1979        
The Jeremiah O’Brien Liberty ship reached dry dock in San Francisco. She had been part of the 6,939-ship armada that stormed Normandy on D-Day in World War II. Today she is a floating museum at Fisherman’s Wharf in San Francisco.

Zappa in 1993       
Frank Zappa, musician, bandleader, songwriter, composer, recording engineer, record producer and film director, died in Los Angeles at age 52. He is best known as leader of The Mothers of Invention. Rolling Stone ranked him among the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time” (2004), and  “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time” (2011).

Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants

Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants

Sports in 2003       
Barry Bonds, San Francisco homerun star, told a grand jury he used a clear substance and a cream supplied by BALCO, but never thought they were steroids.

Pimp C in 2007       
Pimp C, born Chad Butler, was found dead in Los Angeles at age 33. He told tales of Texas street life in Southern hip-hop and co-founded Underground Kingz.

Government in 2012        
San Francisco Board of Supervisors, in a meeting at which protesters stripped naked, banned public nudity in the city.

Environment in 2012       
The Truckee Donner Land Trust and Trust for Public Land bought Webber Lake and Lacey Meadows at the headwaters of the Little Truckee River for $8 million. That saved some 3,000 acres in the Sierra Nevada from logging.

Webber Lake and Lacey Meadows.

Webber Lake and Lacey Meadows.

December 5

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Overland trail in 1846
Patrick Breen, traveling with the Donner Party, wrote in his diary: “Fine, clear day. Beautiful sunshine. Thawing a little. Looks delightful after the long snow storm.”

 

 

 

Gold Rush in 1848
President Polk reported the discovery of gold in California to Congress. 

California gold diggers (circa 1850).

California gold diggers (circa 1850).

Business in 1935 
The first commercial hydroponics operation was established in Montebello.

Sports in 1971
Willie Ellison, Los Angeles Rams running back rushed 26 times for 247 yards against the New Orleans Saints, setting a NFL record.

Sports in 1983 
Steve Howe, Los Angeles Dodgers, was suspended for a year for failing a drug test.

Yahoo!

Yahoo!

Business in 2003    
Yahoo Inc., in Sunnyvale, announced development of a technology to combat e-mail spam by changing the way the Internet works to require authentication of a message’s sender.

Business in 2005       
Craig Barrett, chairman of Intel Corp., in Santa Clara, announced an investment over $1 billion to expand operations in technology companies in California and India.

Intel logo (1968-2005).

Intel logo (1968-2005).

Imbrie in 2007       
Andrew Imbrie, composer and teacher, died in Berkeley at age 86. His is wrote “Angle of Repose,” commissioned and premiered by the San Francisco Opera (1976).

Science in 2011       
U.C. Berkeley astronomers reported finding two black holes, each 10 billion times the mass of our sun, in galaxies more than 300 million light years away.

Science in 2011       
Angela Zhang, a Cupertino student, won a $100,000 scholarship at the Siemens Foundation’s annual high school science competition. She created a tiny particle like a “Swiss army knife of cancer treatments,” because of its precision in targeting cancer tumors.

Angela Zhang (2011).

Angela Zhang (2011).

December 6

Mexican American War in 1846  
A band of Californios and mounted lancers led by Major Pico defeated American forces commanded by General Kearny in the Battle of San Pascual, the bloodiest battle on California soil. Today the site is San Pasqual Battlefield State Historic Park, east of Escondido.

Battle of San Pasqual

Battle of San Pasqual

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Overland trail in 1846 
Patrick Breen, traveling with the Donner Party, wrote in his diary: “The morning fine & clear. Now some cloudy. Wind S.E. Not much in the sunshine. Stanton & Graves manufacturing snow shoes for another mountain scrabble. No account of mules.”

 

 

Women inventors in 1887 
Harriet Russell Strong, of Whittier history, was known as the “Walnut Queen” and the “Pampas Woman.” She held five patents, included a water irrigation system design.Harriet Russell Strong

Libraries in 1895  
Berkeley Public Library was founded. Today, in addition to lending books, people can borrow from a  tool collection.

Berkeley Main Public Library

Berkeley Main Public Library

Crime in 1921      
James Showan was arrested when his yacht was seized off the California coast with more than 100 cases of illegal whiskey.

Dams in 1931 
The U.S. Senate approved Hetch Hetchy Dam in Yosemite National Park. It became  the main water source for San Francisco and other Bay Area communities.

Study for The Hetch Hetchy by Albert Bierstadt. Collection Mr. and Mrs. E.E. White, Mamaroneck, New York.

Study for The Hetch Hetchy by Albert Bierstadt. Collection Mr. and Mrs. E.E. White, Mamaroneck, New York.

San Francisco slum (1935).

San Francisco slum (1935).

Public health in 1935     
The San Francisco Chronicle reported that there were more rats than people in the city by a factor of 3 to 1.

 

 

 

Japanese American Internment in 1942 
James Ito, age 17, and Katsuji James Kanegawa, age 21, were killed in a protest at Manzaniar Detention Camp. They were among seven Nikkei (people of Japanese ancestry) shot to death at internment centers during World War Two.

A hot windstorm brings dust to Manzanar from the surrounding desert July 3, 1942.

A hot windstorm brings dust to Manzanar from the surrounding desert July 3, 1942. Photograph by Ansel Adams.

California Angels cap logo.

California Angels cap logo.

Sports in 1960 
The American League granted Gene Autry a baseball team franchise for the Los Angeles Angels.

 

 

Music in 1969      
The Rolling Stones performed at  Altamount Speedway in Livermore. Some 300,000 people attended. Hells Angels, hired for security, beat to death Meredith Hunter during the show. Another person drowned in a nearby canal and two were killed by a runaway car.

James “Jimmy the Weasel” Fratianno.

James “Jimmy the Weasel” Fratianno.

Crime in 1977        
San Francisco FBI agents arrested James “Jimmy the Weasel” Fratianno, reportedly a leading West Coast Mafia figure.

Bridges in 1983        
The Golden Gate Bridge closed for the second December in a row as winds at the San Francisco toll plaza measured 77.2 mph.

Crack cocaine.

Crack cocaine.

Crime in 1985       
The San Francisco Chronicle described a “super cocaine,” known on the streets as crack, rock or base. It was first known in New York City.

Sports in 1992 
Jerry Rice, San Francisco 49ers wide receiver, caught his 101st touchdown, a NFL record.

Sports in 1992
Barry Bonds signed a $43 million contract with the San Francisco Giants, making him the highest paid player in baseball. 

Business in 1994     
Orange County filed for bankruptcy protection due to some $2 billion investment losses, the biggest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.

Orange County.

Orange County.

Winona Rider.

Winona Rider.

Crime in 2002        
Winona Ryder, actress, was sentenced to community service for stealing more than $5,500 worth of merchandise from a Beverly Hills store.

Business in 2010    
Google, in Mountain View, announced the Nexus S smartphone with support for Near Field Communication. It let people use their phone like a credit card.

Google.

Google.

Fiji Water.

Fiji Water.

Business in 2010        
Fiji Water, owned by Stewart Resnick of Beverly Hills, announced plans to purchase Justin Vineyards and Winery in Paso Robles.

 

Protests in 2011       
Occupy protesters in Oakland marched, rallied, claimed foreclosed properties, shouted down foreclosure auctions and protested outside banks.

Occupy Wall Street protesters, Oakland (2011).

Occupy Wall Street protesters, Oakland (2011).

Crime in 2011        
BART officials said thefts of copper were impacting train traffic. Vallejo Public Works said thieves stripped $200,000 worth of copper wiring from street lights and intersection signals since May.

Environment in 2012        
A U.S. District Judge ruled that snakes, frogs and golfers can coexist at the Sharp Park Golf Course in Pacifica.

Sharp Park Golf Course, Pacifica.

Sharp Park Golf Course, Pacifica.

December 7

Ranchos in 1821  
Rincón de los Bueyes rancho was deeded. This 3,127-acre Spanish land grant in present day Los Angeles County covered today’s Cheviot Hills, Rancho Park, the northeast extension of Culver City and part of Baldwin Hills.

Rancho diseno

Rancho diseno

Cities in 1834 
Francisco De Haro, Yerba Buena’s first alcade, helped plan the street grid and first survey of the town. 

Yerba Buena (circa 1840)

Yerba Buena (circa 1840)

Juan Bautista Alvarado

Juan Bautista Alvarado

Government in 1836  
Juan Bautista Valentín Alvarado y Vallejo became governor of Mexican California. Born and raised in Monterey, he fought for independence from Spain in 1824 and against U.S. forces in the Mexican War. His home in Monterey is a California Historical Landmark.

 

 

Libraries in 1872 
Los Angeles Public Library was founded. Today, it is among the greatest U.S. libraries.Los Angeles Public Library

Post offices in 1876
A U.S. post office opened at Occidental, a stop on the North Pacific Coast Railroad from Cazadero to Sausalito. In exchange for right-of-way, the railroad gave “Dutch Bill” Howards a lifetime pass and named the station after him.

Occidental, California

Occidental, California

Radio in 1921 
KWG-AM in Stockton began radio transmissions. It is one of the oldest broadcasting stations in the U.S.

Waits in 1949      
Tom Waits, singer-songwriter, composer and actor, was born in Pomona. A critic said his voice sounds “like it was soaked in a vat of bourbon, left hanging in the smokehouse for a few months and then taken outside and run over with a car.” 

Taizan Maezumi Roshi.

Taizan Maezumi Roshi.

Roshi in 1970 
Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of the Los Angeles Zen Center, received dharma. He greatly influenced American Zen practice. 

Business in 1979        
Gannet Co. Inc. bought the San Rafael Independent Journal, adding to their chain of 78 daily papers in 30 states.

Gannett Co. Inc.

Gannett Co. Inc.

Haas in 1979        
Walter A. Haas Sr., former head of Levi Strauss, died in San Francisco at age 90. His philanthropy supports many Bay Area cultural institutions.

David Burke.

David Burke.

Accidents in 1987 
A Pacific Southwest Airlines jetliner crashed near Paso Robles killing all 43 people aboard after David Burke, a former employee, shot a passenger and both pilots.     

Science in 2009        
Stanford University scientists in Palo Alto reported turning paper coated with ink made of silver and carbon nanomaterials into a “paper battery” for new types of lightweight, high-performance energy storage.

Flight in 2009        
Virgin Galactic unveiled its first commercial spaceship at the Mohave Air and Space Port. Trips aboard the VSS Enterprise to the edge of space were expected to cost $200,000 per person.

VSS Enterprise.

VSS Enterprise.

Rick Hendricks tribute show.

Rick Hendricks tribute show.

Hendricks in 2009        
Rick Hendricks, San Francisco composer and steel guitar player, died at home while musicians and friends assembled at the Amnesia club in San Francisco.

Labor in 2010        
Filipino hospital workers sued Delano Regional Medical Center, alleging they were the sole ethnic group targeted by a rule requiring them to speak only English.

Occupy protest in San Francisco (2011).

Occupy protest in San Francisco (2011).

Protests in 2011       
San Francisco police cleared the Occupy encampment in an early morning raid. When demonstrators returned that evening, six people were arrested. Police pulled back when people refused to leave Justin Herman Plaza.     

December 8

Missions in 1787
Father Lasuen dedicated Mission La Purisima Concepcion near present day Lompoc. By 1803, the mission owned 3,230 cattle, 5,400 sheep, 306 horses, and 39 mules. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1812 and rebuilt at its present site several miles to the north west.

Ruins of the first La Purísima Concepción Mission

Ruins of the first La Purísima Concepción Mission

Hypolite Bouchard.

Hypolite Bouchard.

Pirates in 1818
Hypolite Bouchard and his 400 pirates threatened to attack Santa Barbara after burning Monterey and raiding Nuestra Senora del Refugio rancho. Three pirates were captured at Refugio. Bouchard promised to pillage Santa Barbara if his men were not returned. They were.

Earthquakes in 1812
The Wrightwood or San Juan Capistrano earthquake destroyed Mission San Juan Capistrano. It was probably a rupture of the southern San Andreas Fault.

Mission San Juan Capistrano. Photographed by Carlton Watkins (circa 1877) Courtesy of the Society of California Pioneers.

Mission San Juan Capistrano. Photographed by Carlton Watkins (circa 1877) Courtesy of the Society of California Pioneers.

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Margaret and Patrick Breen

Overland trail in 1846
Patrick Breen, traveling with the Donner Party, wrote in his diary: “Fine weather; Clear & pleasant. Froze hard last night. Wind S.E. Deep snow. The people not stirring round much. Hard work to wood sufficient to keep us warm & cook our beef.”

Jesuits in 1854        
Fr. Nicolas Congiato arrived in San Francisco to serve as the superior of the Jesuit mission in California. He became the second president of St. Ignatius College.

Jesuits in 1910        
Jesuits of St. Ignatius broke ground on a new church in San Francisco at the site of the old Masonic Cemetery Association.

San Francisco Symphony

San Francisco Symphony

Music in 1911
The San Francisco Orchestra, later known as the San Francisco Symphony, debuted before some 1400 people.

Fairs in 1913 
Construction began on the Palace of Fine Arts to showcase art presented at the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. It is one of few surviving structures from the Exposition and the only one on its original site.

Liu Fook.

Liu Fook.

Crime in 1930     
Rosetta Baker, a wealthy divorcee, was found strangled in her San Francisco apartment at the age of 69. Liu Fook, her butler and an opium addict, was suspected but found innocent at trial.

Crime in 1937      
Five inmates were sentenced to death at San Quentin for the Folsom Prison break in September that cost Warden Clarence Larkin his life.

Weather in 1938 
Temperature in La Mesa reached 108°. It set a December record for highest temperature this month in the U.S.

La Mesa.

La Mesa.

Japan Attack U.S.! (1941).

Japan Attack U.S.! (1941).

Air raids in 1941 
San Francisco held its first air raid and blackout at 6:15 p.m. during which people reported hearing Japanese attack planes. A master power switch at the Presidio accidentally shut off and  harbor defenses were plunged into darkness.

Sports in 1960
The Los Angeles Angels, an expansion team, signed a 4-year lease to use Dodger Stadium.

Dodger Stadium.

Dodger Stadium.

Sports in 1967 
The California Seals, the state’s first professional hockey team, changed its name to the Oakland Seals.

Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.

Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.

Black Panthers in 1969        
Four hundred Los Angeles Police raided the Black Panthers headquarters, arresting adults and children. During a shoot-out, Roland Freeman, founding member of the Southern California Chapter of the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, was shot but survived.

Flight in 1983 
The ninth Space Shuttle Mission, Columbia 6, landed at Edwards Air Force Base.

Space Shuttle Columbia landing at Edwards AFB (1982).

Space Shuttle Columbia landing at Edwards AFB (1982).

Jerry Garcia.

Jerry Garcia.

Music in 1995        
Four months after the death of founder Jerry Garcia, The Grateful Dead announced it was breaking up following 30 years of making music. 

Accidents in 1998        
An electrician’s mistake in San Mateo caused a power outage along the northern San Francisco Bay Area peninsula that lasted more than seven hours before electricity was fully restored.

Homeless in 2005       
Project Homeless Connect, a one-day homeless aid fair that began in San Francisco (2004), went national with services given to some 6,000 people in 21 U.S. cities.

Project Homeless Connect.

Project Homeless Connect.

this week in california history

this week in california history

Sports in 2006        
Jose Uribe, former San Francisco Giants shortstop, died in a car crash in his native Dominican Republic.

Accidents in 2008        
The F/A-18D Hornet crashed into a San Diego street about two miles from Marine Corps Air Station Miramar. The pilot was returning from a training flight. A mother, two children and a grandmother were killed in one home and two other buildings were destroyed.

Flight in 2010 
SpaceX became the first private company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft with its second launch of the SpaceX Falcon 9 and first launch of the SpaceX Dragon.

SpaceX Falcon 9.

SpaceX Falcon 9.

Hector Celaya.

Hector Celaya.

Crime in 2012        
Hector Celaya, of the Tule River Indian Reservation, went on a shooting rampage in Porterville, killing his mother, two uncles and his daughter. The suspect died of a self-inflicted gunshot in a shootout with police.

December 9

Monterey Bay.

Monterey Bay.

Exploration in 1595
Sebastian Rodriguez Cermeño, Portuguese explorer for the Spanish king, reached Monterey Bay. He searched the California coast for safe harbors for Spanish galleons returning to Mexico from the Philippines. 

Overland trail in 1846
Patrick Breen, traveling with the Donner Party, wrote in his diary: “Commenced snowing about 11 o’clock. Wind N.W. Snows fast. Took in Spitzer yesterday; [he is] so weak that he cannot rise without help, caused by starveation. All in good health. Some having scant supply of beef. Stanton trying to make a raise of some for his Indians & self. Not likely to get much.”

James Marshall standing in front of Sutter's Mill.

James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s Mill.

Gold Rush in 1848
The New York Daily Tribune first published news of the gold discovery at Sutter’s Mill.

Business in 1941 
Bank of America opened a new headquarters in San Francisco.

Bank of America.

Bank of America.

Business in 1968 
Douglas Engelbart, Internet pioneer at Stanford Research Institute, demonstrated the computer mouse, hypertext and the bit-mapped graphical user interface using the oN-Line System (NLS). That became known as “The Mother of All Demos.”

Douglas Engelbart and the first computer mouse.

Douglas Engelbart and the first computer mouse.

Sea Knight helicopter.

Sea Knight helicopter.

Accidents in 1999        
A CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter crashed while ferrying troops between ships off Point Loma, killing seven Marines.

Business in 2008        
Gavin Newsom, San Francisco mayor, announced $71 million in cuts to the city’s budget, eliminating jobs of nearly 400 people.

Business in 2010        
Bank of America agreed to pay $137 million to settle federal and California state bid-rigging and kickback charges related to municipal bond contracts dating back to 1998.

Bank of America.

Bank of America.

Moody in 2010        
James Moody, jazz musician, died in San Diego at age 85. His recorded more than 50 albums.

Tyler Brehm.

Tyler Brehm.

Crime in 2011        
Tyler Brehm was shot and killed in Los Angeles after walking down the middle of Sunset Boulevard firing on motorists. John Atterberry, music executive, died from wounds suffered in Brehm’s shooting.