California History Timeline, September 2 to September 9

September 2

Explorers in 1769
Gaspar de Portolà’s camped at Oso Flaco (skinny bear) Lake, north of Guadalupe. He was traveling with Father Crespí, 63 leather-jacket soldiers and a 100 mules loaded with provisions, searching for Monterey Bay to establish a Spanish colony.  now a Californa State Park

Missions in 1797
A 24-year-old woman was the first Indian baptized at Mission San Jose. They baptized her Josefa but her name was first recorded as Gilpae de los Palos Colorados. She was probably from the redwoods area around modern San Leandro.

Mission San Jose de Guadalupe. Photograph by Carleton Watkins (1853).

Mission San Jose de Guadalupe. Photograph by Carleton Watkins (1853).

Transportation in 1863
The first railroad and ferry link between San Francisco  and Oakland began operations.

Champion in 1919
Marge Champion, legendary dancer, choreographer and actress, was born in Los Angeles. She modeled as a child for Walt Disney animated films. Later she hosted a General Electric Theater television show series of song and dance (1956-1957).

Oakland in 1950
Children’s Fairyland opened at Oakland’s Lake Merritt. Walt Disney hired away Dorothy Manes, its first director, and, some believe, based Disneyland somewhat on Fairyland.

Children’s Fairyland.

Children’s Fairyland.

Anaheim Stadium (1966).

Anaheim Stadium (1966).

Sports in 1962
The Los Angeles Angels, preparing to move to Anaheim, changed their name to the California Angels and then to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. The team name started in 1892 with the first Los Angeles-based sports team. 

Communication in 1969
The first Internet message was sent to UCLA from Bolt Beranek and Newman Corp. in Cambridge, Massachusetts. By 2007 some university researchers want to scrap the Internet and start over.

Internet.

Internet.

Crime in 1980
U.S. District Judge William Ingram found Joseph Bonanno, a Mafia boss, guilty of conspiracy to influence witnesses before a federal grand jury investigating his sons’ Santa Clara Valley business affairs.

Joseph Bonanno.

Joseph Bonanno.

Crime in 1986
A judge in Los Angeles sentenced Cathy Evelyn Smith to three years in prison in connection with the drug overdose death of comedian John Belushi (1982). She served 18 months.

American Discovery Trail.

American Discovery Trail.

Environment in 2000
American Discovery Trail, 6,356 miles long, was was celebrated at San Francisco’s Crissy Field. The 15-state trail came from an 11-year effort by Backpacker Magazine and the American Hiking Society.

Religion in 2002
Our Lady of the Angels Cathedral in Los Angeles was dedicated. The $195 million building was designed by Spanish architect Rafael Moneo.

Crime in 2004
A military jury at Camp Pendleton, in San Diego County, convicted Marine Sergeant Gary Pittman of dereliction of duty and abuse of prisoners at a makeshift detention camp in Iraq.

Mathias in 2006
Bob Mathias, born in Tulare, died in Fresno at age 75. He was a 2-time Olympic decathalon champion (1948, 1952), starred as himself in the film “The Bob Mathias Story” (1954) and served four terms in the U.S. House of Representatives (1967-1976).

Music in 2007
A free concert in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park celebrated the 40th anniversary of the Summer of Love. It featured veteran musicians of the era. 

Jefferson Airplane at KFRC Fantasy Fair (1967).

Jefferson Airplane at KFRC Fantasy Fair (1967).

Google.

Google.

Business in 2008
Google, in Mountain View, announced Chrome, a new Web browser was available for download.

Crime in 2008
Mark Guardado, 45-year-old president of the San Francisco Hells Angels Motorcycle Club, was killed during a fight in the Mission District. Christopher Ablett, age 37, a member of the Mongols Motorcycle Club, was later named as a suspect in the killing.

Hells Angels.

Hells Angels.

Kinde Durkee.

Kinde Durkee.

Crime in 2011
Kinde Durkee, Democratic campaign manager in Burbank, was arrested for mail fraud. She stole some $670,000 from state Assemblyman Jose Solorio. She was sentenced to eight years in prison for the largest embezzlement of political funds in California history.

Crime in 2012
Audrie Pott, age 15, went to a house party in Saratoga, where she drank and passed out. Teenage boys took advantage of her, took pictures then posted them on Facebook. Eight days later, Pott hanged herself in shame. On April 11, 2013, police arrested 3 boys in connection with her death.

Audrie Pott.

Audrie Pott.

Eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.

Eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.

Transportation in 2013
The widest bridge in the world, the eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, opened to traffic. It replaced an unsafe section of the bridge from Yerba Buena Island to Emeryville. Construction took 11 years.

September 3

Nero, a Donner Party dog.

Nero, a Donner Party dog.

Overland trail in 1846
After a 5-day desert trek across the Great Salt Lake Desert, the Donner Party lost 36 head of cattle, half were the Reed’s. They abandoned four wagons then spent the next week at the foot of Pilot Peak resting, hunting for their cattle and hiding possessions to return for later.

Transportation in 1913
The Oakland, Antioch and Eastern Railway began operating an electric train from Oakland to Sacramento; the Comet in the morning and Meteor in the afternoon.

The Meteor.

The Meteor.

Music in 1940
Artie Shaw and his Gramercy Five recorded “Summit Ridge Drive” and “Special Delivery Stomp” in Hollywood for RCA Victor. Shaw named his band after his home telephone exchange. “Summit Ridge Drive,” sold a million single copies.

California Angels cap logo.

California Angels cap logo.

Sports in 1965
Los Angeles Angels changed their name to California Angels in advance of the team’s move to the new Anaheim stadium. 

 

San Francisco in 1972
Playland-at-the-Beach in San Francisco was bulldozed. Some 40 Fascination tables, invented by John Gibbs of Los Angeles, went to a Market Street arcade. Fascination combined bowling with Bingo. Laughing Sal’s head was stolen but recovered in 2004.

Playland at the Beach.

Playland at the Beach.

W. Jackson Davis.

W. Jackson Davis.

Environment in 1980
Professor W. Jackson Davis of UC Santa Cruz uncovered a report indicating government officials knew for almost 20 years that nuclear waste containers, dumped off the California coast, were leaking.

Government in 1981
Governor Jerry Brown signed a law making Martin Luther King’s birthday a state holiday. The legislation was the result of four years of efforts by Oakland Tech High School students.

Sports in 1988
Dennis Eckersley, Oakland A’s, set a record with his 37th of 45 saves that season. Over five years he saved 220 games, never posting an ERA higher than 2.96. He gave up five earned runs in 1990 season, a  0.61 ERA.

Capra in 1991
Frank Capra, legendary film director, producer and writer, died in La Quinta at age 94. Among his best known films is the Christmas story, “It’s a Wonderful Life” (1946).

ebay.

ebay.

Business in 1995 
Ebay, originally called AuctionWeb, was founded in San Jose. Today, headquartered in San Jose, it’s a multibillion dollar business in over 30 countries.

 

Environment in 2000
A 5.2 earthquake centered in Napa injured over 40 people.

Napa earthquake (2000).

Napa earthquake (2000).

Hewlett-Packard.

Hewlett-Packard.

Business in 2001
Hewlett-Packard, in Palo Alto, purchased Compaq Computer in a $25 billion stock swap. 15,000 people expected to lose their job.

Fires in 2007
Fire east of Morgan Hill burned 47,760 acres in and near Henry W. Coe State Park. Margaret Pavese accidentally started it when burning trash near her cabin.

Morgan Hill.

Morgan Hill.

Fires in 2007
The Moonlight Fire in Lassen County burned a total of 65,000 acres over 2 weeks and involved 2,300 firefighters to extinguish it. Its cause has been never fully established.

Moonlight Fire (2007).

Moonlight Fire (2007).

Blackouts (2005).

Blackouts (2005).

Environment in 2007
Temperatures throughout the state reached above 100. The heat wave led to blackouts leaving thousands without power.

Transportation in 2009
San Francisco Bay Bridge was shut down to replace a 300-foot section, part of replacing the entire eastern span by 2013. It was expected to remain closed for five days. The original estimated cost of $132 million passed $527 million.

Eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.

Eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.

Marijuana leaf.

Marijuana leaf.

Business in 2011
Oakland hosted its first International Cannabis & Hemp Expo. It had an area for people with a medical cannabis card to ingest, smoke or vaporize marijuana.

Government in 2013
Siskiyou County supervisors voted 4-1 to secede from the rest of the sate. They hoped to revitalize the 1941 regional independence movement to form the new state of Jefferson.

Proposed state of Jefferson.

Proposed state of Jefferson.

September 4

Explorers in 1769
Gaspar de Portolà, traveling with Father Crespí, 63 leather-jacket soldiers and a 100 mules loaded with provisions, searching for Monterey Bay to establish a Spanish colony, camped at Pismo Beach on the San Luis Obispo coast. The name comes from the Chumash language word for tar, Pismu’.

Los Angeles in 1781
Felipe de Neve, Mexican Provincial Governor, 44 settlers and soldiers and two padres at San Gabriel Mission founded El Pueblo de la Reyna de los Angeles, known as Los Angeles. Twenty-six of the settlers were of African ancestry.

Los Angeles Plaza (1853).

Los Angeles Plaza (1853).

Inventions in 1877
Margaret Petrie, of Vallejo, patented an improvement in mosquito bars. “My invention relates to that class of mosquito-bars constructed so as to be attached to the head-board of a bed, childs crib, or cradle, and so arranged as to be expanded or folded down vertically against the standard or support when desired.”

Margaret Petrie patented an improvement in mosquito bars (1877).

Margaret Petrie patented an improvement in mosquito bars (1877).

Japanese American Internment in 1942
Tulare Detention Camp closed. This camp was part of the mass incarceration of some 110,000 Californians of Japanese ancestry during World War II.

Families of Japanese ancestry awaiting a train which will take them to the Merced Assembly Center

Families of Japanese ancestry awaiting a train which will take them to the Merced Assembly Center

Television in 1951
President Harry Truman made the first transcontinental television speech, broadcast from a conference in San Francisco. He formally accepted the treaty ended America’s post-World War II occupation of Japan.

Government in 1969
Governor Ronald Reagan signed the first no-fault divorce package into law.

Crime in 1977
At the Golden Dragon restaurant in San Francisco’s Chinatown, five members of the Joe Boys, a Chinese youth gang, shot at members of the Wah Ching, a rival Chinatown gang. They killed 5 people and injured 11 others. None of the victims were gang members.

Golden Dragon massacre (1977).

Golden Dragon massacre (1977).

Google.

Google.

Business in 1998
Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two Stanford University students, incorporated Google and deposited their first investor’s check for $100,000. In 2014 the company was valued at around $400 billion. 

Labor in 2001
BART reached a tentative agreement with its two largest unions to avoid a strike. Today BART averages some 422,500 passengers on a weekday.

BART map.

BART map.

Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park

Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park

Environment in 2002
The Phytophthora ramorum microbe, responsible for sudden oak death, had reportedly infected California’s coastal redwood saplings.

Fires in 2006
The Day Fire in in the Los Padres National Forest in Ventura County was the sixth largest wildfire in California history. It burned for 9 days, consumed over 162,700 acres and involved 4,600 firefighters.

Day Fire (2006).

Day Fire (2006).

Mattel.

Mattel.

Business in 2007
Mattel Inc., in El Segundo, the world’s largest toy maker, announced a third recall in little more than a month. Chinese-made toys had unhealthy amounts of lead paint.

Crime in 2012
CHP Officer Kenyon Youngstrom, age 37, was shot by Christopher Boone Lacy, age 36, during a traffic stop near Alamo. He died the next day. Another officer shot and killed Lacy.

Kenyon Youngstrom

Kenyon Youngstrom

September 5

Mark Twain (circa 1864).

Mark Twain (circa 1864).

Accidents in 1864 
Boilers on the paddle wheel steamer Washoe exploded on its way from San Francisco to Sacramento. Mark Twain reported in the San Francisco Daily Morning Call that as many as 100 people were killed and 75 wounded.

 

 

Transportation in 1876
Charles Crocker, railroad owner, hammered a golden spike at the Lang Station in Soledad Canyon to celebrate completing the Southern Pacific Railroad in California.

Southern Pacific Railroad Lang Station, Soledad Canyon.

Southern Pacific Railroad Lang Station, Soledad Canyon.

Women in 1878
Clara Foltz passed the University of California bar exam to became the first female lawyer on the West Coast. She and Laura de Force Gordon applied to Hastings College of the Law. They were denied admission because of their gender. So Foltz and Gordon sued, argued their own case and won admission. The Criminal Courts Building in downtown Los Angeles was renamed the Clara Shortridge Folz Criminal Justice Center in 2002.

Clara Shortridge Foltz, art installation at the Clara Shortridge Folz Criminal Justice Center.

Clara Shortridge Foltz, art installation at the Clara Shortridge Folz Criminal Justice Center.

County of Los Angeles Public Library.

County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Libraries in 1912
Los Angeles County Library was founded. It opened in a room on the 10th floor of the Hall of Records in downtown Los Angeles. Its first branch was in a room at Belle Jenks’ home in Willowbrook (1913). Celia Gleason, County Librarian, opened165 branch libraries (1913-1924). Today Los Angeles County Library is the 6th largest public library system in the U.S.

Crime in 1921
Virginia Rappe, film actress, died at a  party at San Francisco’s St. Francis Hotel. Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle was charged with her murder. He was acquitted but his career was ruined.

Virginia Rappe.

Virginia Rappe.

Labor in 1938 
Harry Bridges led some 85,000 members of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union in San Francisco’s Labor Day parade.

Transportation in 1955
The first Sig Alert, a traffic alert system warning of freeway traffic jams, was broadcast in Los Angeles. The system was invented by Loyd Sigmon, an executive for the KMPC radio station. He wanted to raise ratings with traffic information.

Literature in 1957
Viking Press published Jack Kerouac’s On the Road. The Beatnick adventure partly set in California describes the cross-country adventures of Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty. Kerouac typed the book on a long roll of paper in three weeks of 1951.

Jack Kerouac.

Jack Kerouac.

Business in 1963
President Follies, the last San Francisco “Strip Tease” parlor closed. It opened Christmas Day (1941).

Crime in 1975
Charles Manson family member Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme attempted to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford in Sacramento. Her gun failed to fire, no one was injured and Ford continued walking to the California state house.

Janet Gaynor.

Janet Gaynor.

Accidents in 1982
A San Francisco driver crashed into a taxi carrying actress Janet Gaynor, age 75, her husband Paul Gregory, actress Mary Martin and manager Ben Washer. Washer was killed. The others were injured. Gaynor never recovered and died in 1984.

Sports in 1994 
Jerry Rice, San Fransisco 49er wide receiver, broke the NFL record when he caught his 127th touchdown pass in a victory over the Los Angeles Raiders, 44-14. Rice finished his career with 208 TD passes and is among the greatest NFL players in history.

Accidents in 2003
Big Thunder Mountain Railroad derailed at Disneyland in Anaheim. One man was killed and 10 others injured, including a 9-year-old.

Michael Palmer.

Michael Palmer.

Literature in 2006
Michael Palmer of San Francisco won the Academy of American Poets Wallace Stevens Award. He was known for collaborating with dance and recognized for “outstanding and proven mastery in the art of poetry.” The award included $100,000.

Transportation in 2006
The lower deck of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge reopened after some 1,000-feet was demolished and replaced during the Labor Day weekend. During the Loma Prieta earthquake (1989), a section of the upper deck fell, closing the bridge for a month.

San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge collapse (1989).

San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge collapse (1989).

Environment in 2007
Southern California coroners said some 28 people possibly died from heat-related causes due to an 8-day heat wave.

Art in 2008
Thom Ross, Western artist, placed 100 wooden Indians on horseback on San Francisco’s Ocean Beach, just like in a photograph of Buffalo Bill Cody and his Wild West Show featuring live Indians on horseback (1902).

Protest in 2008
Four people continued a 21-month protest in a redwood while arborists began removing trees for a $124 million U.C. Berkeley athletic center. 

Lancaster.

Lancaster.

Transportation in 2008
A musical road opened in Lancaster. When cars drove over grooves cut into the road, vibrations sounded like William Tell’s “Overture,” better known as the “Lone Ranger” theme music. It was paved over after nearby residents complained about noise levels.

Transportation in 2009
Crews retrofitting the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge found a significant crack in the eastern span from Yerba Buena Island to Emeryville. That kept the 73-year-old bridge closed after a planned holiday weekend shutdown.

San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge eastern span.

San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge eastern span.

Manuel Jamines memorial protest.

Manuel Jamines memorial protest.

Crime in 2010
A Los Angeles police officer shot and killed Manuel Jamines, a Guatemalan immigrant. His death led to several days of violent protests. Police said Jamines was threatening people with a knife.

Pelican Bay State Prison Recreation Area.

Pelican Bay State Prison Recreation Area.

Prisons in 2013
California Department of Corrections said 100 inmates ended a two-month hunger strike protesting use of isolation cells. Inmate leaders said legislators agreed to hearings on state prison conditions.

September 6

Alameda railroad terminal (circa 1869).

Alameda railroad terminal (circa 1869).

Transportation in 1869 
The first westbound transcontinental train arrived in the San Francisco Bay Area. It terminated at the Alameda Pier, where the passengers boarded a ferryboat to San Francisco.

Transportation in 1873
Regular cable car service began on Clay Street in San Francsico.

Clay Street Railroad (1887).

Clay Street Railroad (1887).

Transportation in 1876
The Southern Pacific railroad line opened from San Francisco to Los Angeles, connecting Los Angeles to the transcontinental railroad.  

Los Angeles drawn originally by E.S. Glover (1877).

Los Angeles drawn originally by E.S. Glover (1877).

Post offices in 1895
A post office opened in Lebec, named for Peter Lebec, a Frenchman eaten by a bear. Tejon Ranch, established in 1843 and based in Lebecspans over 270,000 acres in the southern San Joaquin Valley, Tehachapi Mountains and Antelope Valley. It grows nuts, grapes, row crops and supports up to 12,000 head of cattle.

Peter Lebec epitaph

Little is known about Peter Lebec

Science in 1978
Genentech, headquartered in South San Francisco, announced successful laboratory production of human insulin using DNA technology. That was one of the most important breakthroughs in the treatment of diabetes since the 1920s.

Genentech.

Genentech.

Island Mountain railroad tunnel.

Island Mountain railroad tunnel.

Fires in 1978
Rail service from San Francisco to Eureka was cut by a fire that destroyed the Northwestern Pacific Railroad 4,000-foot-long Island Mountain tunnel near the Eel River in Trinity County. The tunnel collapsed and was not reopened until December 7, 1979.

Sports in 2001
Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants, hit his 60th home run of the season to tie Babe Ruth’s record. He would hit the most home runs in MLB history. 

Pride Rainbow Flag.

Pride Rainbow Flag.

Government in 2005 
California Legislature became the first in the U.S. to approve same-sex marriages. Governor Arnold vetoed the bill.

Business in 2006
Cody’s Books in Berkeley was sold to a Japanese book company. Cody’s “was a pioneer in bookselling, bringing the paperback revolution to Berkeley, fighting censorship, and providing a safe harbor from tear gas directed at anti-Vietnam War protesters throughout the 1960s and 1970s.”

Cody's Books by David Goines (1983).

Cody’s Books by David Goines (1983).

Intel logo (1968-2005).

Intel logo (1968-2005).

Business in 2006 
Intel, in Santa Clara, announced layoffs of more than 10,500 employees in the face of tough competition in the computer chip market.

Science in 2008
GeoEye-1, a super high resolution imaging satellite, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base. From its orbit 423 miles up, it can identify objects on Earth as small as 16 inches.

GeoEye-1.

GeoEye-1.

Kuchar in 2011
George Kuchar, underground filmmaker, died in San Francisco at age 69. He made some 200 films  like “The Devil’s Cleavage” (1975), with a “low-fi” aesthetic.

Google.

Google.

Business in 2012
Google, in Mountain View, chose a site in Chile for its first Latin America data center. The $150 million data center employed 20 people.

Fires in 2013
Over 4,700 firefighters battled six major wildfires burning across California. The Rim Fire burning near and in Yosemite National Park burned 246,350 acres and was 80% contained.

Rim Fire (2013).

Rim Fire (2013).

September 7

Explorers in 1769
Gaspar de Portola’s expedition traveled through the San Luis Obispo area searching for Monterey Bay. His soldiers called this spot Ilano de los Osos, meaning bear plain.

Portola's signature

Portola’s signature

Fires in 1907 
Alfred Sutro’s seven story Cliff House, on a San Francisco bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, burned to the ground. Sutro Baths, which included six enormous indoor swimming pools, a museum, a skating rink and other pleasure grounds, was unharmed.

Sutro Baths postcard.

Sutro Baths postcard.

Television in 1927
Philo Farnsworth, age 21, transmitted an image through purely electronic means by using a device called an image dissector in his San Francisco laboratory. That began modern television technology. 

Labor in 1936
Some 60,000 workers marched in the San Francisco Labor Day parade as around 250,000 spectators watched.

Labor Day parade on Market Street, San Francisco (1936).

Labor Day parade on Market Street, San Francisco (1936).

Television in 1963
American Bandstand moved to Los Angeles and aired once a week on Saturday. The Top-40 music-performance-dance show ran from 1952 to 1989.

 

Business in 1998
Disneyland’s new Tomorrowland in Anaheim was scheduled to open on Memorial Day with whirling orbs and speeding starships. Tomorrowland originally opened on July 17, 1955.

Marijuana leaf.

Marijuana leaf.

Government in 2000 
A U.S. District Judge in San Francisco ruled that federal authorities cannot revoke a doctor’s license to prescribe medicine because the doctor advises their patients to use marijuana.

Zevon in 2003
Warren Zevon, songwriter, died in West Hollywood. Known for dark, outlandishly humorous lyrics, his work included the 1970s rock hit Werewolves of London.

Arnold Schwarzenegger, California governor.

Arnold Schwarzenegger, California governor.

Government in 2005
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger said he would veto a bill to legalize same-sex marriage “out of respect for the will of the people.” He cited Proposition 22, a California ballot measure passed in 2000 that defined marriage as between a man and a woman.

Business in 2005
Steve Jobs, Apple Chief Executive, introduced a long-anticipated music-playing cell phone, the Motorola Rokr, and surprised the faithful with the new iPod nano. Rokr came with iTunes, stored up to 100 songs and included a color display screen and a built-in camera.

Steve Jobs.

Steve Jobs.

Hewlett-Packard.

Hewlett-Packard.

Business in 2006
Hewlett-Packard, in Palo Alto, stated that its board of directors hired an investigator to obtain journalists phone records to discover who was leaking information to the media. Director George Keyworth resigned after he was named as the source of the leak. 

Pride Rainbow Flag.

Pride Rainbow Flag.

Government in 2007
California Legislature, for a second time in three years, approved a bill to give same-sex couples the right to marry. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed it again.

Business in 2010
Hewlett-Packard,  in Palo Alto sued Mark Hurd,  former CEO, to stop him from working at Oracle Corporation, headquartered in Redwood City. Hurd had signed nondisclosure agreements at HP but now works at Oracle.

September 8

Missions in 1771
Father Junipero Serra dedicated Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, the 4th of 21 California missions. The mission was the base from which settlers establiashed Los Angeles, which is why it is known as Godmother of the Pueblo of Los Angeles.

Mission church photography by Carleton Watkins (1877)

Mission San Gabriel church photographed by Carleton Watkins in 1877

Missions in 1797
Father Fermín Lasuén dedicated Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana, the 17th of California’s 21 missions. In 1842, six years before the Gold Rush, gold was found in the foothills near the mission, a place later named Placerita Canyon.

Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana by Carlton Watkins(circa 1877).

Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana by Carlton Watkins (circa 1877).

Business in 1862
Forty brokers formed a stock exchange to invest in risky Comstock Lode silver mines. They called it the San Francisco Stock Exchange Board.

Comstock Tunnel Company certificate.

Comstock Tunnel Company certificate.

Airmail pilot (1920s).

Airmail pilot (1920s).

Transportation in 1920      
Transcontinental air mail delivery began from New York to San Francisco. Pilots flew just during daylight hours because they followed the railroad tracks and other visual landmarks .

Accidents in 1923       
Seven U.S Navy vessels wrecked on Honda Point on the Santa Barbara County coast. Twenty-three sailors were killed. The spot, nicknamed the Devil’s Jaw, is one of the windiest on the west coast. A squadron of 17 ships was practicing maneuvers but failed to take adequate readings. The disaster was the largest peacetime loss of Navy ships in U.S. history.

Honda Point disaster (1923).

Honda Point disaster (1923).

Paramount Theater, San Francisco (circa 1945).

Paramount Theater, San Francisco (circa 1945).

Crime in 1946
Boys playing near the Paramount Theater in San Francisco found a package containing body parts of Ramon Lopez, a flower dealer from San Leandro. His skull was found 18 years later at Hunters Point.

Politics in 1951 
Delegates from 48 nations gathered in San Francisco to sign a peace treaty with Japan, formally ending the Pacific War. It is nicknamed the Treaty of San Francisco.

Dandridge in 1965       
Dorothy Danridge, actress, singer and dancer, died mysteriously in Hollywood. She was the first black actress nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress in the film Carmen Jones (1954). She was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and a statue at Hollywood and La Brea Boulevard.

Dorothy Dandridge.

Dorothy Dandridge.

San Francisco traffic jam.

San Francisco traffic jam.

Transportation in 1997       
San Francisco Bay Area commuters faced huge traffic jams a day after BART workers, the commuter rail system, went on strike. An agreement ending the walkout was reached five days later.

Endorphin chemical structure.

Endorphin chemical structure.

Liebeskind  in 1997 
John Liebeskind died in Los Angeles. He was a leading researcher in the study of pain and found the brain controls pain by creating a chemical now known as an endorphin.

Cities in 2006
Mayor Gavin Newsom said 50 security cameras would be installed in public housing projects around San Francisco for public safety.

Singularity Summit (2010).

Singularity Summit (2010).

Conferences in 2007
“The Singularity Summit: AI and the Future of Humanity” opened at San Francisco’s Palace of Fine Arts. It was concerned with machines becoming smart enough to reprogram themselves. Peter Thiel, PayPal founder, was the principal backer.

Protests in 2008        
U.C. Berkeley officials cut off the food and water supply to people continuing a 21-month-old protest in a lone redwood. They were protesting the planned removal of a grove of oak trees for construction of a new student athletic training center.

Berkeley tree sitters (2008).

Berkeley tree sitters (2008).

Williams “Boots” Del Biaggio III.

Williams “Boots” Del Biaggio III.

Crime in 2009     
Williams “Boots” Del Biaggio III, former co-owner of the San Jose Sharks hockey team, was sentenced to over 8 years in prison. Del Biaggio swindled $100 million to help buy a stake in the Nashville Predators hockey team and pay off debts.

Protests in 2011        
San Francisco police arrested 20-30 protesters at the Powell Street BART station. The station was closed for 2 hours because officers determined that demonstrators were creating unsafe conditions. Protesters hoped to force BART to disband its police force. 8-10 men smashed fare gates, card readers and ticket vending machines at the Glen Park Station.

BART demonstration (2011).

BART demonstration (2011).

Mt. Diablo State Park.

Mt. Diablo State Park.

Fire in 2013
A wildfire near Mount Diablo State Park burned over 800 acres.

Worthington in 2013
Cal Worthington, a car dealer who made himself famous with offbeat TV commercials, died at his Orland ranch at age 92.

Cal Worthington.

Cal Worthington.

September 9

Figueroa in 1835
José Figueroa, Mexican Governor of Alta California, died in Los Angeles. He was instrumental in Mexico’s secularizing the missions starting in 1834, dividing mission lands into vast land grants which became many of the ranchos of California.

Rancho diseno

Rancho diseno

Odd Fellows motto.

Odd Fellows motto.

Odd Fellows in 1849
California Odd Fellows Lodge No. 1 was founded at the corner of Seventh and Market streets in San Francisco, a year to the day before California was admitted to the Union, 

Government in 1850
California became the 31st state. Today Admission Day is a legal state holiday. California’s admission to the Union was part of the Compromise of 1850, which balanced the free and slave states. 

california statehood

Californians celebrating news of statehood

Mary_Hunter_Austin thisweekincaliforniahistory

A lyrical portrait of the life and land of the Mojave desert

Austin in 1868
Mary Austin, author, was born. She was an early nature writer about the Southwest. Land of Little Raid (1903) portrayed the fauna, flora, people and the mystical or spiritual energy of the region between the High Sierra and Mojave Desert.

Women inventors in 1873
Emma Whitman of Oakland patented a kettle and pan scraper. “…it is cut in line with the center of the stem up to or near the stem; then bent at an angle of from thirty-five to forty degrees, so that when held in the hand with the stem down, and either side being held front, the left blade will incline at the angle required for scraping.”

Emma Whitman of Oakland patented a kettle and pan scraper (1873).

Emma Whitman of Oakland patented a kettle and pan scraper (1873).

Cities in 1875
Lotta’s Fountain, dedicated on Market Street in San Francisco, was a gift to the city from Lotta Crabtree. She got her start as a girl in the Gold Rush and became one of the most successful actresses of her era.

Lotta's fountain, postmarked August 14, 1907.

Lotta’s fountain, postmarked August 14, 1907.

Sports in 1905 
In a boxing match for the lightweight title, Battling Nelson, the “Durable Dane,” kayoed San Francisco-born Jimmy Britt in the 18th round at a Daly City arena. Nelson had fought Britt for the lightweight title in 1904 but lost a twenty-round decision. A film of the 1905 match earned over $100,000 in1909.

Oscar "Battling" Nelson, known as the "Durable Dane".

Oscar “Battling” Nelson, known as the “Durable Dane”.

San Francisco fire department horse drawn battery (1909).

San Francisco fire department horse drawn battery (1909).

Parades in 1909
San Francisco Work Horse Parade Association held a parade to honor the city’s work horses. Some 2000 horses and 986 drivers paraded down Market Street before thousands of spectators.

Sports in 1965 
Sandy Koufax, Los Angeles Dodgers Hall of Fame pitcher, became the sixth pitcher of the modern era, the eighth in history, to throw a perfect game. It was the first by a left-hander since 1880.

Sandy Koufax. Topps Baseball Card (1964).

Sandy Koufax. Topps Baseball Card (1964).

Jack Warner.

Jack Warner.

Warner in 1978 
Jack Warner, movie mogul, died in Los Angeles. For 45 years, since 1910, he was the driving force behind what became the highly successful Warner Brothers Studios in Hollywood.

Sports in 1988 
In the America’s Cup race off San Diego, Stars and Stripes, a U.S. catamaran, beat a New Zealand monohull, 2-0. 

Stars and Stripes 6.

Stars and Stripes 6.

Sports in 1990 
The Oakland A’s beat the New York Yankees, 7-3, completing a 12-game season sweep. It was the first time the Yankees were swept and only the fourth in major-league history. That season, Oakland finished first in the American League West with a record of 103-59.

Mark McGwire and José Canseco (1990).

Mark McGwire and José Canseco (1990).

Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants

Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants

Sports in 2001 
Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants outfielder, hit three home runs against the Colorado Rockies to give him 63 for the season. He passed Roger Maris’ mark and moved closer to Mark McGwire’s record.

Berkeley tree sitters (2008).

Berkeley tree sitters (2008).

Protests in 2008
Protesters in Berkeley climbed down from a redwood tree when U.C. Berkeley arborists cut down 42 oak trees in the way of a $124 million athletic training center. Their protest began on December 1, 2006. The university later sued the tree sitters $10,000 each to pay attorneys’ fees.

Accidents in 2010 
A natural gas PG&E pipeline explosion in San Bruno created a “wall of fire” more than 1,000 feet high that killed eight people. The massive explosion, triggered by a broken gas line, destroyed 37 homes, badly damaging 8 others.

San Bruno gas explosion (2010).

San Bruno gas explosion (2010).

Log Cabin Republicans.

Log Cabin Republicans.

LGBT in 2010 
A federal judge in southern California ruled that the U.S. military’s ban on openly gay service members, the Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy, was unconstitutional under the First Amendment. It was a victory for gay activists know as the Log Cabin Republicans.